General Aspects



Tabanids are present on every continent except Antarctica and have managed to colonise remote islands such as the Galapagos and the Melanesian Archipelago. Large seasonal populations of some species occur as far as 60° N latitude, but they disappear above tree line. Diversity within the family is greatest in the tropics, but moist temperate regions have a rich fauna as well (Mullens, 2002).

Further information

  • Mullens BA: Horse flies and deer flies (Tabanidae). In: Mullen G, Durden L (eds.): Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2002, Academic Press, London, pp 263-77

Occurrence Maps

Each country has its specific occurrence of CVBDs depending on climate and endemic vectors. See the maps

Clinical Sessions

The following authentic case reports provide insights into selected CVBD cases

View all

Interesting Links

CVBD and parasito­logical relevant websites. More...

CVBD Digest Articles

Findings from the CVBD symposia. More...