Pathogenesis and Transmission

Fleas and ticks become infected with hemotropic mycoplasms by feeding on an infected animal and may subsequently transmit the pathogen to another animal. As intraerythrocytic organisms, the mycoplasms can be transmitted to mammals via blood transfusion. In the cat, hemotropic mycoplasms may also be spread from the mother to her kittens. There are indications that bitches can also pass mycoplasms to their puppies, but this has not been proven so far.

Further information

  • Lappin MR: Bartonella and Haemobartonella in cats and dogs: Current knowledge. In: The Bayer 7th Int. Parasite Symp., 2006, Proc. BSAVA Pre-Congress Symp., Birmingham, pp 17-25
  • Messick JB: New perspectives about Hemotrophic mycoplasma (formerly, Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon species) infections in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003, 33, 1453-65

Occurrence Maps

Each country has its specific occurrence of CVBDs depending on climate and endemic vectors. See the maps

Clinical Sessions

The following authentic case reports provide insights into selected CVBD cases

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Interesting Links

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CVBD Digest Articles

Findings from the CVBD symposia. More...