General Aspects


Veterinary and Medical Importance

Veterinary and medical importance of mosquitoes is mainly determined by their capability of disease transmission. In the following diseases the respective pathogens have been reported to be transmitted among others by mosquitoes (vector in parentheses):

  • malaria, protozoa of the genus Plasmodium spp. (Anopheles spp.)
  • avian malaria, protozoa of the genus Plasmodium spp. (Culicinae)
  • yellow fever, virus (Aedes aegypti)
  • dengue fever, virus (Aedes aegypti and other Aedes species)
  • encephalitis, virus (various species, mainly Culex spp. and Aedes spp.)
  • o'nyong nyong, virus (Anopheles spp.)
  • arbovirus diseases: e.g. West Nile (WN) fever/encephalitis, virus (Anophelinae and Culicinae)
  • Rift valley fever, virus (Culicinae)
  • western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE) virus (Culex spp.)
  • filariasis, bancroftian and brugian filariae (mainly Culex spp.; also Anophelinae)
  • canine heartworm disease, Dirofilaria immitis (Culicinae)
  • setariosis, Setaria spp. (Culicinae, Anopheles spp.)


Occurrence Maps

Each country has its specific occurrence of CVBDs depending on climate and endemic vectors. See the maps

Clinical Sessions

The following authentic case reports provide insights into selected CVBD cases

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Interesting Links

CVBD and parasito­logical relevant websites. More...

CVBD Digest Articles

Findings from the CVBD symposia. More...