Diagnosis can be performed by blood culture, through the examination of fresh blood and Giemsa-stained blood smears, and by the detection of anti-Trypanosoma antibodies using different serological tests (e.g., indirect immunofluorescence assay). Molecular methods (e.g., polymerase chain reaction) have been also used for the detection and characterisation of trypanosomes infecting dogs (Gow et al, 2007).
- Gow AG, Simpson JW, Picozzi K: First report of canine African trypanosomosis in the UK. J Small Anim Pract. 2007, 48, 658-61