Veterinary and Medical Importance
For centuries, tsetse flies have had a great impact on human health in Africa, due to their function as transmitters of trypanosomes causing extreme human suffering in form of African sleeping sickness. Furthermore their position as vectors of tsetse-borne trypanosomosis in both domestic and wild animals is a major impact in preventing the development of commercial domestic animal production over about one-third of the African continent. Domestic animal disease continues to inhibit agricultural productivity and economic development (Krinsky, 2002).
- Krinsky WL: Tsetse flies (Glossinidae). In: Mullen G, Durden L (eds.): Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2002, Academic Press, London, pp 303-16