Treatment with antibiotics such as tetracycline, oxytetracycline or doxycycline given for three weeks with or without glucocorticoids can control the hemolytic anemia. In some animals, it is necessary to give one or multiple blood transfusions. However, similar to feline hemoplasmosis, antibiotic therapy is unlikely to eliminate the infection.
As with other diseases transmitted by fleas or ticks, ectoparasite control is the basis of prevention. Products which repel and kill ticks and fleas such as those containing permethrins are the appropriate means of choice for dogs.
- Lappin MR: Bartonella and Haemobartonella in cats and dogs: Current knowledge. In: The Bayer 7th Int. Parasite Symp., 2006, Proc. BSAVA Pre-Congress Symp., Birmingham, pp 17-25
- Messick JB: New perspectives about Hemotrophic mycoplasma (formerly, Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon species) infections in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003, 33, 1453-65