Previously, dogs were thought to be infected by Haemobartonella canis, an organism transmitted by the Brown Dog tick, Rhiphicephalus sanguineus. Based on genetic analysis, dogs are now known to be infected by two distinct bacterial species, Mycoplasma haemocanis and Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum, both belonging into the genus Mycoplasma of the family Mycoplasmataceae.
- Lappin MR: Bartonella and Haemobartonella in cats and dogs: Current knowledge. In: The Bayer 7th Int. Parasite Symp., 2006, Proc. BSAVA Pre-Congress Symp., Birmingham, pp 17-25
- Messick JB: New perspectives about Hemotrophic mycoplasma (formerly, Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon species) infections in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003, 33, 1453-65