The distribution of both mycoplasms is largely unknown, but both species have been isolated from dogs in Europe and the USA. The Brown Dog tick, a common tick species in Europe, USA and Australia, is known to transmit these pathogens. In France, 71 out of 460 dogs were positive for DNA of one or both of the organisms. It is possible that Mycoplasma haemocanis is more common in kennel raised dogs.
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- Messick JB: New perspectives about Hemotrophic mycoplasma (formerly, Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon species) infections in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003, 33, 1453-65